Passive fire protection (PFP) is an integral component of fire protection and fire safety in a building. When installed and maintained properly, passive fire protection saves lives; but when done poorly, then lives and property are at serious risk if and when a fire breaks out. The key elements to good passive fire protection are the quality of the work and the competency of the people performing the work. This presentation will explore passive fire protection, its range and its importance – in its own right and in enabling other fire safety elements (from egress paths to active systems) to work. We will look at the benefits and pitfalls, what happens when it goes wrong and how to avoid those mistakes.